Did you know, that the structure of your mouth and your teeth play an essential part in your ability to speak, eat and stay healthy?
It goes without saying that we take our teeth for granted… up until something goes wrong. Apart from chewing and digesting food, our teeth perform an indispensable part in speech and also have a bearing on our overall health. Take the first step forward and give your teeth the attention they deserve by brushing up on your dental health knowledge.
How much do you know about your pearly whites?
The Development of Teeth
Primary (baby/milk teeth) and permanent teeth are the two sets of teeth that humans have, both develop in stages. Even though the timing varies, the development of each of these sets of teeth is analogous.
Below are some facts about how people develop teeth:
- Teeth have a tendency of erupting in parallel which means, that the molar on the top right side will grow in at almost the same time as the molar on top left.
- Although a child’s tooth is only visible around the 6 month mark, the development being much before – it actually commences at the time of the early second trimester of pregnancy.
- The crown of a tooth forms first whereas the development of the root continues even post the eruption of the tooth.
- There are 20 primary teeth which come into place by 3 and last till the age of 6. At 6, they start to fall out making way for the permanent teeth.
- Adult or permanent teeth start to grow from the ages of 6-12.
- Adults mostly have 32 Permanent teeth
- As compared to primary teeth, permanent teeth are larger and take much longer to grow.
Now that you’ve brushed up on some facts about tooth development, let’s take a look at the parts of the tooth.
To know more about milk teeth click here
The Parts of the Tooth
- Enamel – The visible substance which covers the crown of the tooth is enamel. The enamel is the hardest substance in the body and guards the tooth rom decay. Calcium and phosphorus are the components that make up the enamel.
- Dentin – Dentin is the layer underneath the enamel. The dentin is calcified and its appearance is very similar to that of the bone. Since the dentin is not as hard as the enamel, it is exposed to greater risk of decay that is if the enamel wears away.
- Cementum – This is the layer that covers the root of the tooth and assists in anchoring it into the bone. This layer is even softer than the dentin and enamel; and is usually covered by the gums. The optimum way to safeguard this layer from decay is by taking care of your gums. Inadequate dental care can lead to gum disease and shrinking of gums which then exposes the Cementum to dangerous and destructive bacteria and plaque.
- Pulp – At the center of your tooth you will find the pulp. It contains the nerves, blood vessels and other soft tissues which transport signals and nutrients to your tooth.
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