A number of factors can contribute to gum pigmentation including poor oral hygiene, smoking, certain genetic conditions, metallic agents, some medications, food coloring products etc. Although anyone can suffer from gum pigmentation, people with darker skin tend to have a greater risk of experiencing melanin buildup.
Gum depigmentation is a cosmetic dentistry procedure used to remove dark spots or patches on the gums. While the normal gingival color is coral pink, abnormally high amounts of melanin can cause dark patches to appear on the gums. This discoloration can affect the appearance of your smile and result in decreased confidence and self-esteem thus, depigmentation enables to improve the appearance of dark gums.
While increased gum pigmentation is not medically dangerous, many patients may feel that the condition is aesthetically displeasing. The rate of success for depigmentation is very high, and most patients achieve the more attractive, lighter-looking smile they desire.
No. Depigmentation will be performed under local anesthesia and therefore will not be painful. After undergoing gum depigmentation, patients may experience some pain and sensitivity in the gums. However, most people find effective relief after using analgesics.
A variety of techniques exists to remove gum pigmentation such as scalpel method, chemical method, cryosurgery, electro surgery and laser with comparable efficacies. The most widely used method presently is the laser assisted depigmentation. Depigmentation is not a clinical indication but a treatment of choice where esthetics is a concern and is desired by the patient.
Gingival repigmentation refers to the reappearance of melanin pigmentation following a period of time after depigmentation. It is a common concern in the treatment of gingival hyperpigmentation. It occurs due to the migration of melanin containing cells (melanocytes) from the adjacent free gingiva. The extent and time interval of recurrence varies depending upon the treatment modality used and may vary from few months to several years.
Last updated on 10 December, 2018.