Pulp polyp

If you have a soft red mass in your tooth cavity (large decayed tooth) which bleeds on touching or eating that means you have a pulp polyp. A pulp polyp, also known as chronic hyperplastic pulpitis, is found in a large open carious lesion, fractured tooth or when a dental restoration is missing This condition is more commonly seen in children and young adults. It is characterized by the overgrowth of the tissue outside the boundary of pulp chamber.

  • Pulp polyp clinically appears as a small pinkish-red lobulated mass which protrudes from the pulp chamber and often fills up the carious cavity.
  • The teeth in which pulp polyp commonly develops are the milk teeth molar and first permanent molars.
  • The affected tooth always has large open carious cavity, which is present for a long duration.
  • The pulp polyp bleeds profusely upon provocation.
  • If traumatized the pulp polyp becomes ulcerated and appears as dark red, fleshy mass with fibrinous exudates on the surface.

The condition is obviously seen in either children or young adults.

Pulp polyp involved tooth is usually painless.

The treatment includes first the excision of the pulpal mass followed by root canal treatment or by extraction of the affected tooth.

Last updated on 30 November, 2018.

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