Vitamin supplements for gum health

The Periodontal tissues need an adequate source of essential nutrients to continue in a state of health.

The soft tissue needs constant supply of vitamins, along with other essential nutrients, to maintain its tissue integrity. A deficiency of vitamins for a prolonged period might lead to pathologic alterations.

No. Mere deficiency of vitamins will not initiate Periodontal disease. However, a state of malnutrition may predispose or modify the rate of Periodontal disease progression.

The vitamins whose deficiency have been implicated as a possible etiologic factor for Periodontal disease are Vitamins C, A, E, and D.

  • Vitamin C
    • Deficiency leads to Scurvy. Scurvy manifests as spongy bleeding gums.
    • A minimum daily intake of 10mg ascorbic acid prevents Scurvy.
    • Recommended dietary intake is 30mg/day.
    • Sources: Citrus fruits and certain berries like gooseberry.
  • Vitamin D
    • Animal studies have indicated that deficiency of Vitamin D leads to deficiency of alveolar bone density.
  • Calcium
    • Daily intake of 100mg of Calcium is known to decrease gingivitis, pocket depth and tooth mobility. Calcium directly does not play a role in initiation or progression of Periodontal disease. However, it is vital in interaction between plaque and immune response of the patient.
    • Source: Milk, Eggs
  • Vitamin E
    • Daily, 300 mg of Vitamin E has a significant effect in reducing inflammation of periodontium. R.D.A of Vitamin E is 30 i.u.
    • Source: animal fats, wheat germ oil and grain.
  • Vitamin A
    • Source: dairy products, fish liver oils, meats.
    • Animal studies have indicated that Vitamin A deficiency leads to transient inflammation, gingivitis and pocket formation.

Vitamins are required to achieve a nutritional and biochemical balance to maintain oral health as vitamins have a mediating influence on the periodontal health.

Last updated on 10 December, 2018.

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